[职称英语真题]2016年考试《综合B》阅读判断真题及参考答案详解及答案详解
2016-04-01 07:21:14 来源:91考试网 作者:内蒙古时时彩开奖结果 www.li66a.cn 【

内蒙古时时彩开奖结果 www.li66a.cn

2016年职称英语考试《综合B》阅读判断真题及答案

Time to Stop Traveling by Air

Twenty-five years ago a young British man called Mark Ellingham decided thathe wanted a change of scenery. So he went to Australia, stopping off in manycountries between. He also decided to write about the experience and produced aguide for other travelers making similar journeys.

In 1970, British airports were used by 32million people. In 2004, the figurewas 216 million. In 2030, according to government forecasts, it will be around500 million. It's a growth driven by the emergence of low cost airlines,offering access to all parts of the world for less than £100.

This has made a huge contribution to global warming. One return flight fromBritain to the US produces the same carbon dioxide(二氧化碳)as a year'smotoring(驾车). A return flight to Australia equals the emissions(排放)of threeaverage cars for a year. And the pollution is released at a height where itseffect on climate change is more than double that on the ground.

Mark Ellingham built his business on helping people travel. Now he wants tohelp people stop – at least by air.

He is calling for a £100 green tax on all flights to Europe and Africa, and£250 on flights to the rest of the world. He also wants investment to create alow-carbon economy, as well as a halt to airport expansion.

Mark Ellingham's commitment is important because his readers aren't just thesort of young and adventurous people who would happily jump on a plane to spenda weekend exploring a foreign culture. They are also the sort of people who saythey care about the environment. It's a debate that splits people down themiddle.

The tourist industry has responded by offering offsetting(补偿)schemes. A smallincrease in the price of a ticket is used to plant trees.

But critics say that it is not enough to just be carbon neutral. We should beactively cutting back on putting green house gases into the atmosphere. And forthe average person, making a plane journey will be his or her largestcontribution to global warming. It maybe good to repair the damage we do. Butsurely it is better not to do the damage in the first place.

16.题干】Mark Ellingham spent quite a few days in China on his way to Australia25 years ago.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】C

解析】

17.题干】Traveling from Britain to any other part of the world may cost youless than £100.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】A

解析】

18.题干】A round trip flight from Britain to Australia produces the same amountof carbon dioxide as three average cars do in a year.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】B

解析】

19.题干】Mark Ellingham has never hesitated to encourage people to travel byair.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】B

解析】

20.题干】Mark Ellingham's readers are not interested in environmentalprotection.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】B

解析】

21.题干】Critics argue that the best way to protect our environment is not todo any damage to it.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】A

解析】

22.题干】Mark Ellingham will collaborate with the critics in his efforts tofight global warming.

选项】

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

答案】C

解析】

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